Beijing enjoys the reputation of time-honored historical and cultural city in China and is one of must-see destination included in AFFORDABLE China travel packages. As the capital of five dynasties, Beijing preserves a large number of imperial palace, imperial gardens, temples and ancient tombs which are symbols of a cultural city. Undoubtedly, Beijing is the culture hub of China. Forbidden City, the imperial palace of Ming and Qing dynasties, well displays the traditional Chinese styles in architecture. Temple of Heaven is world-famous for its logical layout and delicate structure. Ming Tombs including 13 tombs is the biggest imperial mausoleum in Beijing. Beijing culture can also be represented by other elements such as its dialects, opera and cuisine besides the ancient buildings.
Beijing Temples and Churches
China is a country with the religious freedom and respect. As the capital of China, Beijing has many temples including Taoism, Buddhism, Tibetan Buddhism and Islam temples, and Christian and Catholic churches. The famous Buddhist temples like Tanzhe Temple have become the hot tourist destinations. As for Taoist temples, Baiyun Temple is the best representative which is the popular destination for pilgrim not very touristy. Yonghe Lama Temple, one of popular China tours, is one of the largest and most important Tibetan Buddhist temples in the world. One of Catholic churches is located in the area of Wangfujing. Some Christian churches can also be found in Beijing.
Beijing dialect, is a dialect of Mandarin spoken in the area of Beijing and then became the basis of Standard Chinese, the official language of China. Beijing dialect is very similar with standard Chinese, but it is very easy to distinguish whether an individual is a native of Beijing speaking or an individual of standard Chinese.
Beijing Opera or Peking opera is very favored by Beijing locals and always watched by foreign tourists who have their best tours of China. It is a form of traditional Chinese theatre. Beijing Opera can originate from the several ancient operas in China. In 1790, 'Four Great Anhui Troupes' brought Anhui Opera to Beijing. The performance of Anhui Opera make a hit and 'Four Great Anhui Troupes' performed with Hubei troupes in 1826. The combination gradually formed into Beijing Opera. Now Beijing Opera is the national theatre style.
Beijing Cuisine is characterized by cooking different muttony and porky dishes. In Ming and Qing dynasties, the most imperial cooks were from Shangdong province so that some elements of Shandong cuisine integrated into Beijing cuisine. It was also combined with flavors of other cuisines like Tanjia cuisine, Islamic food and Manchu style. Beijing Duck is an iconic Beijing dish which is tasted by almost every tourist when they visit Beijing for their China tours.
Hutongs are a kind of narrow alleys formed by lines of siheyuan, traditional courtyard dwellings. Hutongs originated from Yuan Dynasty. According to investigation, the oldest Hutong is Sanmiaojie Hutong with history of 900 years. Dongxi Jiaomin Hutong is the longest with length of 3,250 meters. The shortest one is Qianshi Hutong only with length of 0.7 meter.
If you want to know more about Beijing culture, you can contact with China tour operator.
Article Source: http://www.chinatour.com/beijing/beijing-culture.htm
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