If you have a plan to visit the west China for your private China tours, Altai Mountains shouldn't be missed.
Altai Mountains are a mountain range which extends from the west of Inner Mongolia and the north of Xinjiang to the northwest of Russia and which also the sources of the rivers Irtysh and Ob. Rising about 1,000 meters above the sea level, the whole mountain range is more than 2,000 kilometers long and the middle section with about 500 kilometers is in the China. Altai Mountains are rich in the forest and mineral resources. The name “Altai” comes from Mongolain “Altan” which means “golden”. In fact, the gold in Altai Mountains were been mined in Han Dynasty (202BC – 220AD).
The Highest peak on boundary of China and Mongolia is Youyi Peak with the elevation of 4,374 meters. The area of Altai Mountains was neritic sea in before Himalayan orogeny. The neritic sea immensely was lifted by the power of Himalayan orogeny and fault at the same time. The mountain fault formed terrace landform. In the north of the region is the Sailufhem Mountains which stretch northwest from 49° N and 86° E towards the western extremity of the Sayan Mountains in 51° 60' N and 89° E. Their mean elevation is 1,500 to 1,750 meters. The snow-line runs at 2,000 meters in the northern side and at 2,400 meters on the southern. And this region is studded with many lakes.
In 1998, the Altai Mountains were inscribed on the World Heritage List.
Want to know more information of Altai Mountains? You can contact China tour agents.
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