Learn something about Bashu culture in Sichuan I

Ba-shu art is characterized by unique features. Sichuan opera exclusively belongs to the Ba-shu art. It is well known for its lively atmosphere, humorous language and harmonious combination of percussion and singing. Sichuan opera China tour deals with high pitch especially lies in this category. Sichuan people are experts about cuisine. In Sichuan dishes, particular attentions are paid to season in which chili, pepper, broad bean, ginger, onion and garlic are must. Therefore, people say "every dish has its own character; one hundred dished have one hundred flavors". Meanwhile, the sweet-scented and full-bodied Sichuan wines are well complemented with the famous brands of Wuliang ye, Luzhou liaojiao wine and so on.


The Sichuan Basin is "blocked by four sides" geologically, suffering tough transportation in the ancient time. Therefore, the ancient Chinese famous poet exclaimed" It is easier to climb onto the heaven than to the Shu road." The biggest hindrance prevents the Ba-shu culture from communicating with the Qin and Gansu culture is the huge mountain—Qinling Mountains China best tours. However, the ancestors of Ba-shu displayed astounding courage and created high-level technology of building the plank along the cliff, breaking the blockage of the Sichuan Basin and the narrow mind of the people. A legend, which narrated about the Emperor of Shu, sent five Hercules to greet the gold cattle and five beauties given by the Emperor of Qin Dynasty is the vivid embodiment of the cultural exchange through getting through the mountains and roads in the old times. Plank built along the cliff is one of Ba-shu people's big inventions. Sima Qian(about 140 BC~ about 90 BC. China's great historian, writer, ideologist in Western Han Dynasty)) who wrote <<The Book of History>> stated that the confinement of the country, which was "blocked by four sides", are smashed by the plank "which directed to anywhere you want to go". That is exactly the wise perspective.


The mountains of Ba-shu are distinguished for their magnificence, steepness, serenity and elegance: E'mei Mountain is famous for its elegance, Qing city for its serenity, Jiange for its steepness and Kui Gate for its magnificence. Modern exploitation added "miraculous and romantic" flavor to them. The travelers nowadays are charmed by the miracle of Jiuzhaigou landscape, the romance of Huanglong scenery, and the fun of the panda world and the peculiarity of the dinosaur kingdom. Ba-shu tourist sites scatter around the whole area with every single county has something exquisite to provide. In the northwestern itinerary, Jiuzhai, Huanglong (Yellow Dragon), the fourth Daughter Mountain and Gongga Mountain match beauty with others. In the North itinerary, Shu Road and Jian Gate can let the tourists feel the difficulty of transportation in the past. In the Eastern itinerary, the Three Gorges can show you the perfect combination of human project and natural beauty. The bamboo sea landscape and adventure to Lugu Lake in the southern Shu of the southern popular China tours itinerary definitely can delight the tourists.




The most special character of the Ba-shu itinerary lie in that profound culture are imbedded in the magnificent, steep, serene and elegant natural sites. For example, Sword Gate -- Shu Road itinerary has an abundant culture of Sichuan and Han majority during the Three Kingdom period, Wen chang culture in Zitong County (It originated in the Southern China and enjoyed equal status with the Confucianism in the North. It contained six parts, including ethnics, imperial examinations education, and the history of the hometown of China's first woman Emperor—Wuze Tian. The Jiuzhai—Huanglong(Yellow Dragon) itinerary possesses stone blockhouse of Qiang nationality, Xiayu(a legend figure. he successfully led the populace control the flood and therefore is endorsed by offspring) culture, Min Mountain culture during the ancient Shu, Shu and Han nationality culture during the Three Kingdoms culture. Lugu Lake is bestowed by the culture of "maternal kingdom". The Three Gorges line even outshines as the treasure house of the ancient culture. That's the reason why Ba-shu region can attract tourists year in and year out.


The central relic of Shu and Han culture during the Three Kingdoms (more: China guide) is the memorial temple of martial marquis. The memorial temple of martial marquis is originally a combination of the tomb of Liubei (one of the Emperors in the Three Kingdom period), the Hanzhao Lie tomb used to worship Liubei and the marquis tomb of Zhuge Liang. Now, people use the name "memorial temple of martial marquis" to represent these relics. As the embodiment of wisdom, Zhuge Liang get revere from the people at that time and their offspring.


The name "memorial temple of martial marquis" renders us experience the cultural essence and sediment. Setting off from memorial temple and trekking along the road by which Liubei come into Shu state, the tourists can successively pay homage at Zilong(a heroic general served for Liubei) temple in Dayi, Pangtong temple in Deyang, Zhuge temple in Mianzhu, Fule Mountain in Mianyang, Jiangwan tomb, Feiwei temple in Zhaohua, and Cuiyun porch in Jiange. Starting from Hanzhong, the travelers may worship Zhuge Liang tomb on Dingjun Mountain, and memorial temple of martial marquis in Mian county. Along the journey, we can get enlightenment and reflection from the cause of history and the extraordinary life experience of the heroes.


  1. 2013/11/14(木) 12:05:03|
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