Just one-and-a-half hours by air from Beijing, Xian (starting point for Silk Road tour) is the home of the world-famous life-size Terra Cotta Army, unearthed in 1974 after being buried with the first Qin emperor for 22 centuries. Xian was the cradle of ancient Chinese civilization dating back to 4000 BC, and the capital city for 11 dynasties up to the 9th century. It is from here that caravans started on the Silk Road to Europe, changing the Western world forever. The massive City Wall and Moat that surround the city are a monument to the importance of Xian.
Museum of the Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses
This is one of the greatest archaeological discoveries in the world with three exhibition halls, the largest of which is 180 metres by 60 metres, housing the continuing excavation of an army of 6,000 life size terra-cotta soldiers and horses that guard the tomb of Qin Shi Huang Di, the first emperor of the unified China. It is a stunning exhibition of ancient artifacts that is well laid out and easy to view Xian tours.
Shaanxi History Museum
The museum Xian tourist attractions, covering 60,000 square metres, was built in the Tang style of architecture with elegant galleries and courtyards. Its collections amount to over 115,000 relics representing the periods from 11th century BC to 907 AD.
The Xian City Wall
The Xian City Wall is the largest, best-preserved ancient city wall in China.
The Small and Big Wild Goose Pagoda
The Small Wild Goose Pagoda is 43.3 metres high while the Big Wild Goose Pagoda is 64 metres high. They were all built around 700 AD.
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