Religion and folkways in Tibet

The indigenous religion is called Bonpo before the 7th century, whose belivers believe in the being in everything of the holy spirit. The high ministers of that religion presided over almost everything on the earth, so they were the most powerful men even than the kings. Buddhism was introduced into Tibet last minute China travel deals since the 7th century, after centuries of ups and downs it flurished throughout Tibet from the 10th century on, and came into being various sects till Chongkapa’s religious reform in 15th century. Gelug Sect ,founded by Chongkapa, became he most influential in Tibet since then.

Tibetan Buddhism is characterized with its overall involving into political , economic and everyday life in Tibet. It was influenced by Buddhism from Nepal, India , China mainland and Bonpo ministers.

Two famous Buddhists are especially memorable in Tibetan Buddhism, one is the Indian Lotus-born Shamanist who established the first temple best tours of China–Samye in Tibet and organized the translation of holy scriptures; the other is Chongkapa whose religious reform made Gelu Sect’s influence possible.

Tibetan people , different from others , bear no family names, their names always have certain meanings, such as Buddhism, the moon, the sun, the flowers, Friday, liberation , red flag and so on so forth. Their costumes are traditionally made from woolen materials and sheephides decorated with diamonds and headdressings with only the obvious difference between men and women in styles and patterns. Their main food and drink are barley cake, corn, potato, mutten, beef,butter tea and barley wine.

Because of its nation-wide belief in Buddhism,marriage in the life of Tibetan people is saturated in religious atmosphere. The engaged parties first of all,must invite a living Buddha to decide whether their marriage is suitable or not according to holy scriptures. When decided appropriate, the two parties must sign engagement certificate on a given good day and present hada and other valuables to each other. The day before wedding day, the family of the bridegroom must send dowry to the bride, then , wedding will last for three happy days popular China tours . Dowry must contain three very important things:a small golden Buddha Statue, a set of holy scriptures and a small Buddhist pagoda.

There are several kinds of funerals in Tibet according to the dead’s social and economic status.

Heaven funeral is the commonest in Tibet. As Tibetan people believe their ancestors came from heaven, they must join their ancestors after death. The dead must be worshipped and prayed for several days with the help of Buddhist monks before it is carried away to the heaven funeral altar. The family must not escort because the body would be dismembered and left to be swallowed up by vultures. Fire funeral is respectfully for the dead living Buddhas and the nobles, and pagoda funeral is specially for Panchen Lamas and Dalai Lamas, the pagoda would be decorated with gold and precious stones after burial

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  1. 2014/03/11(火) 15:31:49|
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